Children are susceptible to many health conditions as they move through normal childhood development. Vision problems are becoming a common issue in this highly digital society. As more and more children are frequently exposed to electronic use, computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, and gaming systems create an increase in childhood vision problems.

 

Let’s take a look at the common signs of childhood vision problems.

Common Signs of Childhood Vision Problems

 

The most common complaints reported by children with vision issues are fatigue and discomfort around their eyes. Childhood vision problems can develop in children as young as 18 months to 4 years old.  The most common childhood vision problems are divided into two categories:

 

  • Refractive problems
  • Non-Refractive problems

 

Refractive Problems

 

Refractive problems make up 20% of reported childhood vision issues. There are five types of refractive eye issues that can impact your child’s eyesight.

 

Myopia or Nearsightedness

 

The least complex disorder of the eye, nearsightedness, is common. Myopia occurs when a child can’t easily see objects in front of them but can see things clearly at a distance.

 

Hyperopia or Farsightedness

 

Another eye condition, hyperopia, is the opposite of myopia. This occurs when a child can see objects close to them but has difficulty seeing things at a distance. This disorder is rare in children.

 

Astigmatism

 

Astigmatism is a common and treatable disorder caused by imperfections in the curvature of the eye.  It impacts the cornea or the lens inside the eye, leading to blurred vision. The curves of the eye are mismatched. It can be treated with contact lenses or glasses.

 

Amblyopia

 

Amblyopia is commonly referred to as lazy eye. This syndrome affects around 3 out of every 100 children. In some cases, it can be cured using an eye patch, but contact lenses or glasses may also be needed. Amblyopia occurs when the eye muscles and nerves that convert the information to the muscles or center of the eye aren’t strong enough. Placing an eye patch on the unaffected eye can help strengthen the affected eye.

 

Strabismus

 

Strabismus is often referred to as a cross-eye problem. This disorder is commonly caused by low birth weight or family history. It can be treated with vision therapy, eyeglasses, and prisms.

 

Non-Refractive Problems

 

Non-Refractive eye problems are the second category of childhood vision problems.  Disorders most commonly associated with non-refractive problems are:

 

  • Glaucoma
  • Contracts

 

While these conditions are generally rare in children, they do occur.

 

Glaucoma

 

Caused by eye fluid pressure buildup, glaucoma damages the optic nerve. It causes severe vision problems that can lead to total blindness. Infantile glaucoma occurs in children below three, and childhood glaucoma in children ages four and older. It’s imperative to treat the symptoms of glaucoma immediately to avoid significant vision damage.

 

Cataracts

 

25% of children are born with congenital cataract disorder, which is caused by a metabolic disease from an inherited enzyme. Symptoms are blurred vision, decreased vision, and color blindness, among others.

 

Contact Your Pediatric Eye Doctor to Schedule an Appointment

 

If you think your child has a vision problem, it’s vital to schedule an appointment with your Palmdale eye doctor immediately. Contact Antelope Valley Eye Care today.